1878-80 2nd Anglo-Afghan War

The Second Anglo–Afghan War was fought between the British Raj and the Emirate of Afghanistan from 1878 to 1880, and was the second time British India invaded Afghanistan. The war ended after the British emerged victorious against the Afghan rebels and the Afghans agreed to let the British attain all of their geopolitical objectives from the Treaty of Gandamak. Most of the British and Indian soldiers withdrew from Afghanistan, leaving the Afghan tribes to maintain internal rule. Control of foreign relations was ceded to the British, who, in turn, guaranteed the area's freedom from foreign military domination. This was aimed to thwart expansion by the Russian Empire into India.
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