Austro-Hungarian

Austria-Hungary involved right from the start of WWI when Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated while visiting Serbia, leading them to declare on the Kingdom of Serbia on 28 July 1914. The Austro-Hungarian Empire played a relatively passive diplomatic role in the war, despite conscripting 7.8 million soldiers, as it was increasingly dominated and controlled by Germany. As the war went on the ethnic unity declined, the Allies encouraged breakaway demands from minorities and the Empire faced disintegration. Starting in late 1916 the new Emperor Karl removed the pro-German officials and opened peace overtures to the Allies but the main effort was vetoed by Italy, which had been promised large slices of Austria for joining the Allies in 1915. These events marked the end of Austria-Hungary, which collapsed on 31 October 1918.
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