1792-1797 Revolutionary War
The 1792-1802 Revolutionary Wars were a series of sweeping military conflicts resulting from the French Revolution. They pitted the French First Republic against Britain, Austria and several other monarchies. They are divided in two periods: the War of the First Coalition and the War of the Second Coalition (17981802). The former was confined to Europe, after France declared war on Prussia and Austria in 1792. They responded with a coordinated invasion of the country. A hitherto unknown general named Napoleon Bonaparte began his first campaign in Italy in April 1796 and in less than a year, French armies had decimated the Habsburg forces and evicted them from the Italian peninsula, winning almost every battle and capturing 150,000 prisoners. With French forces marching towards Vienna, the Austrians sued for peace and agreed to the Treaty of Campo Formio, ending the First Coalition against the Republic.