1745 Jacobite Scots

The Jacobite rising of 1745 was the attempt by Charles Edward Stuart to regain the British throne for the exiled House of Stuart. The rising occurred during the War of the Austrian Succession, when most of the British Army was on the European continent. Charles Edward Stuart, commonly known as 'Bonnie Prince Charlie' or 'the Young Pretender', sailed to Scotland and raised the Jacobite standard at Glenfinnan in the Scottish Highlands, where he was supported by a gathering of Highland clansmen. After an initial victory at Prestonpans near Edinburgh, the Jacobite army marched onwards into England. When it reached Derby, some British divisions were recalled from the Continent and the Jacobite army retreated north to Inverness, where the last battle on Scottish soil would take place on a nearby moor at Culloden. This battle ended with the final defeat of the Jacobite cause and Bonnie Prince Charlie fled to France with a price on his head.

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