Danish

At the beginning of 1848, Denmark included the Duchy of Schleswig and so the king of Denmark also ruled the duchies of Holstein and Saxe-Lauenburg within the German Confederation. The majority of the ethnic Germans in Denmark lived in these regions, making up a third of the countries population and accounting for half of Denmark's economy. The recently ended Napoleonic Wars had fanned both Danish and German nationalism and these conflicting aims contributed to the outbreak of the war. Danish nationalists believed that Schleswig, but not Holstein, should be a part of Denmark, as Schleswig contained a large number of Danes, whilst Holstein did not.

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